You may have questions about how COVID-19 vaccines operate as they continue to be distributed across the country. You might also worry about how well you'll be protected against the virus that causes COVID-19 once you've been vaccinated. We'll provide you the answers based on recent research and studies.
Currently, three vaccines are available in the United States that have been approved for emergency use by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Each vaccine acts in a slightly different way. Two of the vaccinations, from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, are administered in two doses separated by several weeks. A single dose is required for the most recently approved vaccination from Johnson & Johnson/Janssen Pharmaceuticals.
Vaccines are the subject of numerous myths, although they have been proven to be safe. Vaccines works by delivering an inactive or weakened form of a virus or bacteria into our bodies, which activates or weakens our immune systems. This teach our bodies how to detect and combat viruses.
It takes two weeks for the body to develop full protection, or immunity, after receiving the new COVID-19 immunizations. The two-week period begins after the final dose for vaccines that require multiple doses, such as the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. According to studies, the vaccination is roughly 95% effective in protecting you from COVID-19 after the second dosage. While you will gain some immunity after the first dosage, both doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are required.
While your body develops up defense, it's also critical to maintain social distance and safe habits. Because your body does not have enough time to acquire antibodies and no vaccine is 100 percent efficient in fighting against infection, you can catch COVID-19 before or shortly after the immunization. Two weeks after the last dosage of the two-dose vaccines, or two weeks after the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen single-dose vaccine, you are considered fully protected. You are not entirely protected if it hasn't been two weeks.
While scientists are confident that the COVID-19 vaccines keep you safe, they are still studying how well they prevent COVID-19 from spreading to others. They also don't know how long the protection will endure. Even after you have been fully vaccinated, it is necessary to continue to take measures in public settings until they learn more. In the fight against COVID-19, frequent handwashing, staying six feet apart, wearing masks that protect your nose and mouth, and avoiding large gatherings are all crucial.
The good news is that you can visit with other people who have been fully vaccinated after you have been fully immunized. You can also visit with family members without wearing a mask. You do not need to quarantine if you have been exposed to COVID-19 unless you develop symptoms. These are the most recent CDC recommendations, which are updated on a regular basis.
When a community reaches a particular number of people who have been vaccinated or have already been exposed to a disease, it is referred to as herd immunity. As a result, the virus has a difficult time spreading from person to person.
People who cannot be vaccinated, such as infants, benefit from herd immunity since it protects them as well. This is especially important with COVID-19 because the vaccination is not currently available to individuals under the age of 16. When a virus's transmission is slowed and then stopped as more people develop immunity to it, it protects them and others.
For each virus, herd immunity operates in a distinct way. The percentage of the population required to achieve COVID-19 herd immunity is currently unknown.
You should be eligible for the vaccine shortly if you haven't already had it. The CDC website can assist you in determining your eligibility and locating local immunization providers. Vaccinefinder.org, another excellent site for locating accessible doses, receives data from several states.
It's natural for people to have concerns about new immunizations. If you have any questions or would like more information about the COVID-19 vaccinations, please contact your doctor.
Note: After a short break, the CDC and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommend that use of Johnson & Johnson's Janssen (J&J/Janssen) COVID-19 Vaccine continue in the United States.
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